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Are dryer sheets doing more harm than good? Here’s what the experts say

Here are a few alternatives that will save you money on products, clothes and repairs in the long run.
Vivian Le/ TODAY

Many people rely on dryer sheets for a fresh smell and reduced static cling, but Shop TODAY did some investigating into the laundry room staple. Long story short, experts say it can actually be doing more harm than good to both your clothes and your machine.

We asked four cleaning experts to break down what actually happens when you use dryer sheets and alternatives you should probably consider.

What are they? | What happens when you use them? | Is there an alternative? | Alternatives to try | FAQs | How we chose | Meet the experts

What are dryer sheets?

Did you know that fabric softener and dryer sheets are the same thing in different forms?

“Fabric softener is just the liquid version [of dryer sheets], and dryer sheets are the sheet version [of fabric softener],” Kellsie Zapata of Zapata’s Cleaning Services tells us.

What happens when you use dryer sheets?

They work the same way fabric softener does — by coating your clothes in a waxy substance with the promise of softening them and reducing static cling.

Like fabric softener, it also can damage your dryer over time by rubbing across the basket and coating the sensors, says James Copeland, director of technical services for Prism Specialties. “If they're not doing continual maintenance and cleaning where the technician is actually tearing it down to clean these sensors, you could start to have some efficiency issues and earlier malfunctions because it will not be having proper operating temperatures,” he explains.

This can also affect your drying time, he adds, since the wax can coat the lint screen and you won’t be able to tell. You’ll think you’re clearing the screen out completely, but there’s an invisible layer of wax that is building up.

You can tell if your lint screen has that coat by running water over it, the way Copeland did for a customer who didn’t believe it. The water was unable to run through the screen due to the coat of wax. As a solution, Copeland cleaned it with dish soap and a toothbrush, checked to make sure water could properly flow through the screen and then let it air-dry. Afterwards, the efficiency of their dryer improved.

You’ll also want to be wary of dryer sheets getting caught in lint traps, as Copeland says they’re a fire hazard.

Is there an alternative to dryer sheets?

Copeland and Zapata, alongside Rechelle Balanzat, founder of Juliette, and Jessica Ek, senior director of digital communications at the American Cleaning Institute, call out tennis balls and wool dryer balls as quality alternatives to dryer sheets to reduce static.

Ek notes that while it can “definitely help [reduce static], it’s not going to soften the clothes,” so keep that in mind going into your laundry routine.

Even when you’re not using typical dryer sheets, Zapata encourages reading the directions for dryer balls because if you’re not using them correctly (with temperatures too high or loads too large), your clothes can still come out with static.

If you prefer a sheet-style product, Copeland suggests opting for reusable static-eliminating sheets.

Zapata offers one more option that’s free but requires a bit of patience: air-drying. “It’s a good option and if it comes down to it, you can air-dry your clothes and you will definitely not get that static."

Dryer sheets alternatives

Zum Sea Salt Wool Dryer Balls

If you don't want to forego that fresh scent you've come to love from dryer sheets, opt for these dryer balls from Zum that come paired with an aroma blend you can spray on each ball. Once the spray runs out, you can use any essential oil you'd like. These are a personal favorite of mine that I've been using since they were gifted to me over a year ago. I haven't gone back to traditional dryer sheets!

Smart Sheep Wool Dryer Balls

These highly-rated dryer balls have been a Shop TODAY favorite for years. Each set comes with six and they even come in fun sheep, penguin or puppy designs. The brand says they’ll last over 1,000 loads and advises using three to four balls for small-to-medium loads or five to six balls for large loads.

Purecosheet Reusable Dryer Sheets

Copeland mentions reusable dryer sheets as an eco-friendly alternative to traditional one-and-done dryer sheets. According to the brand, these sheets are 100% hypoallergenic and chemical-, perfume- and dye-free. Plus, they can be used for hundreds of loads.

Saje Laundry Love Wool Dryer Ball Set & Laundry Blend

This is another option if you’re looking for a scented dryer ball set. It comes with three wool dryer balls and a blend that features elements of lavender, lemon and bergamot. The brand says you only need five to seven drops per ball and each application of the blend lasts up to five cycles.

How we chose

The products featured in this article were chosen based on a number of factors including, but not limited to, expert guidance, personal experience, affordability and shopper reviews.

Meet the experts